Orthodontics

Separators: a review of uses and limitations

Various techniques have been described in Orthodontics to create space between teeth (Figure 1). These include elastomeric separators, brass wire, elastomeric thread,1 latex elastics, and a variety of...

Nemaline myopathy and severe dentofacial deformity − a case report

Patient JD presented aged 14 years 8 months complaining of her dental appearance and function. She had no learning difficulties and had been diagnosed with nemaline myopathy. Patient JD was wheelchair...

A concealed central giant cell granuloma and its combined orthodontic and surgical management

A 13-year-old girl was urgently referred to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery of a district general hospital by her orthodontist. The patient was undergoing fixed appliance therapy for...

Distraction Osteogenesis Part 1: History and Uses in the Craniofacial Region

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) originated as a method to repair skeletal deformities and large, non-healing, segmental bone defects resulting from injuries suffered by Russian soldiers during World War...

Dental Implications of Pycnodysostosis: A Case Series

A 13-year-old female was referred to the Paediatric Department at Birmingham Dental Hospital. She was accompanied by her mother and sister who also had pycnodysostosis. The patient's primary complaint...

Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Orthodontics

The patient is generally either sitting or standing in the unit and positioned using light beam markers. Once correctly positioned, the patient is then immobilized to reduce movement artefact. The...

NICE Guidance on the Extraction of Wisdom Teeth – Time for a Rethink?

NICE was launched 26 February 1999, and although its name has slightly changed over the years, briefly adding H for health to the acronym, the organization has always aspired to provide guidance on...

The Aberrant Canine Part 2: Treatment

Following clinical and radiographic investigations, treatment decisions can be made based, not only on the type of malocclusion, but more particularly on the presenting features associated with the...

The aberrant canine part 1: aetiology and diagnosis

Calcification of the upper and lower permanent canine teeth begins at 4 to 5 months post-partum, with crown formation being complete by the age of 5 years. The lower permanent canine erupts at around...

Managing the adenomatous odontogenic tumour (AOT): a case series

The AOT has been described as occurring both intra-osseously and extra-osseously.6 The AOT appears in three clinical variants:.

Reflections on twelve years of breakages – lessons to be learnt

The aim of this project was to record all breakages, whether at routine or emergency appointments and then use the first year's figures hopefully to reduce the failures and emergency attendance rate...

Informed consent: a changing paradigm?

Consent has been defined as:.

Demonstrating the benefit of self-ligating brackets in the management of severe dental crowding on a non–extraction basis

A 10-year-old male, of South-East Asian decent, was referred from his primary care orthodontist to the hospital orthodontic department for a second opinion and help with treatment planning. The...

Open or closed exposure for palatally impacted maxillary canines? A review

A review of the literature was carried out using the following search methods: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and the Cochrane Oral Health...