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Article: Volume 8 Number 3 Page 78 - July 2015

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  Orthodontic Update 31: 78-84

Orthodontics:  Cleft Lip and Palate at a Glance

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Abstract: Clefts of the lip and palate are the most common congenital craniofacial anomaly. They are generally divided into two broad categories, which include cleft lip with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate. The incidence of these anomalies varies according to cleft type, geographical location and ethnicity. This article aims to give an overview of the genetic links and the known environmental influences that may contribute to the development of a cleft. In addition, the embryological development of the lip and palate and the patient care pathway from birth to adulthood are highlighted.

Clinical relevance: A basic understanding of cleft lip and palate is important for clinicians involved in the delivery of regular dental care for a patient born with an oro-facial cleft.

Author notes: Ourvinder Chawla, MFDS, DDS, MOrth RCS, FDS Orth, Consultant Orthodontist, Walsall Manor Hospital, Walsall, West Midlands, Scott A Deacon, MSc, MOrth RCPS, FDS, Lead Consultant Orthodontist, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, Anthony J Ireland, PhD, MOrth RCS, FDS RCS, Professor and Consultant in Orthodontics and Related Biomaterials, School of Oral and Dental Sciences, Bristol Dental Hospital and Jonathan R Sandy, PhD, MOrth RCS, FDS RCS, Professor and Consultant in Orthodontics, School of Oral and Dental Sciences, Bristol Dental Hospital, Bristol, UK.

Objective: To understand the patient care pathway from birth to adulthood for a patient born with an oro-facial cleft.

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