Article: Volume 12 Number 4 Page 140 - October 2019

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  Orth Update 2019; 12: 140-142

Orthodontics:  Primary Failure of Eruption – a Review and Case Report

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Abstract: Partial or complete failure of tooth eruption may be due to several causes, including primary failure of eruption (PFE), and an accurate diagnosis is essential for appropriate management. This article reviews PFE and the possible treatment options. Case reports of two patients diagnosed with PFE are presented and their management discussed.

Clinical relevance: Primary failure of eruption can be difficult to diagnose and differentiate from other causes of failure of eruption. This paper highlights the clinical presentation of PFE through a review of the literature and by illustration with two clinical cases.

Author notes: Benjamin Marlow, MOrth RCS(Eng), BchD, MFDS(Ed), Kate Parker, MOrth RCS(Eng) BDS(Hons), BA(Hons), MJDF RCS(Eng), Post-CCST in Orthodontics (email: and Samantha Hodges, BDS(Hons), MSc, FDS, MOrth, FDS(Orth), FHEA, Consultant Orthodontist, Department of Orthodontics, Eastman Dental Hospital, 256 Gray’s Inn Road, London, WC1X 8LD, UK.

Objective: To outline the diagnosis and management options of primary failure of eruption.